Environment-based object values learned by local network in the striatum tail
In skeletal muscle, quiescent satellite cells maintain low levels of protein synthesis, mediated in part through the phosphorylation of eIF2α (P-eIF2α). Paradoxically, P-eIF2α also increases the translation of specific mRNAs, which is mediated by P-eIF2α dependent read through of inhibitory upstream open reading frames (uORFs). Here, we ask whether P-eIF2α dependent mRNA translation enables expansion of satellite cells. We demonstrate that uORFs in the 5’UTR of mRNA for the mitotic spindle stability gene Tacc3 direct P-eIF2α dependent translation. Satellite cells deficient for TACC3 exhibit defects in expansion, self-renewal and regeneration of skeletal muscle.